Saturday, September 3, 2011

Circuits around Hampi.....Fortifications

Hampi ruins are spread over 26 square kms, but the original bastion of the empire was spread across 40 sq kms.  In order to protect the city from invaders, the successive Vijaynagar empire fortified the city with 7 tier  protection.  The outer circle consisted of wall circulating the boundary, the inner ramparts were protecting the important monuments such temples, public function place, such as Mahanavami dibba, public bath, reservoirs,  etc.  Finally the palaces of the kings and queens of  the ruling dynasty.

The capital city spread from Kampli to the north to Hospet in the south, Anegundi in the west to Kamalapura in the east.  Bhima's gate formed an important gateway in the eastern portion.  Here one can find the statue of  Bhima in his battle attire, probably it served as a training centre for the soldiers to emulate the legendary Bhima.  The statue of  Bhima below signifies killing of the demon Kichaka.  Another statue on the wall depicts Draupadi tying her hair after Bhima slays the demon.

The southern most fortification stretched 3 kms towards Hospet City, and the inner layer covered the boundaries of the capital city Hampi, and finally the core area was fortified which is best preserved.

One can witness the effort of the ASI to reconstruct the fortification with the numbering of the stones on the wall if one has a close look at the picture below C13,14,15, D14,15,16 E8,9,10 are clear markings on the granite walls.  The colour of the stone is giveaway when compared to pale colour of  granite, eventually it is bound to match the old stone colour due to constant exposure to nature.

The fourth and fifth line of fortification covered the villages of Malappanagude from Hospet to Hampi.  The sixth fortification encircled the villages of Kamalapuram.  Finally the seventh fortification covered the main city of  Hampi consisting of  Virupaksha Temple, Hemkunta Hill, Royal Enclosure and Sacred Centre along with Noble men quarters.  

The fortification around the Hemkunta hill is under construction with a passage way.

The ancient means of transport in a bullock cart still persists in the villages of  Hampi

Domed gateway, Bhima's gateway and lastly the Talaharighat gateway are the primary gateways leading into Hampi

Boundary of the fortress seen near the purandara mantap, apparently built to prevent water from Tungabhadra river entering the Vithala complex
Watch tower in the zenana enclosure

Security point in the royal palace

Viewpoint of the Mosque and the royal centre seen from a vantage point of  Noblemens quarters
Sheeps grazing on the Badavi linga precints of the boundary wall
Overview of the Hemkunta hillock
Model of the capital Vijaynagar Empire ACK : ASI Museum

No comments:


cannons ready to fire

About Me

My photo
Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Basically i am down to earth, take friendship to its logical end. It is my endeavour to create a wealth of co-operative ventures. Basically being a marketing man i have the acumen to spot winners. I am privileged to travel the length and breadth of the country, courtsey my father, who was with Indianoil, my employers such as Nutrine, Kurl-on, Hindustan Pencils, Prestige, Crystal, Bell Ceramics, Pentel, Sezal, Commander. Currently i am involved in Tourism, Booking Air Tickets, Agent for Jungle Lodges and Resorts Limited and Taj Group of Hotels and a numerous hotels across India. Depending on the needs of a traveller i would recommend the destination and accommodation best suited to their budget. Humour takes me on. Let us have a win win situation for all. I love travelling for sake of adventure, photography and discovering the heritage. Life is a journey and let us enjoy our drive. Come share your travel experience on indiabackpacker.